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Writing for Healthcare Professionals: APA

APA Examples

Resource Type

Citation Format


In text

Journal Articles




Single author

Author, A. A. (year)Title of articleTitle of Periodicalvol(issue), pp-pp.

Godfrey, D. G. (2005)Adapting historical citations to APA styleJournal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media49(4), 544-547

(Godfrey, 2005)

Multiple authors

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year)Title of articleTitle of Periodicalvol(issue), pp-pp.

Kiselica, A. M., & Ruscio, J. (2014). Scientific communication in clinical psychology: Examining patterns of citations and referencesClinical Psychology & Psychotherapy21(1), 13-20

(Kiselica & Ruscio, 2014)

More than twenty-one authors

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., repeat for authors 3-19...Author, Z.Z.  (year)Title of articleTitle of Periodicalvol(issue), pp-pp.

See example at APA Style Blog:

(Author et al., 2019)

Resource Type

Citation Format


In text





Single author

Author, A. A. (year)Title of book. Publisher

Orwell, G. (1946)Animal farm. Harcourt, Brace & Company

(Orwell, 1946)

Chapter in a book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year)Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.)Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx)Publisher

Dalrymple, P.W., & Smith, L.C. (2011)Organization of information and search strategies. In R.E. Bopp & L.C. Smith (Eds.)Reference and information services:  An introduction (pp. 95-120)Libraries Unlimited.

(Dalrymple & Smith, 2011)
            Corporate or Group Author Name of organization(year)Title of book (edition) American Psychological Association(2019)Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.)

First Citation: (American Psychological Association [APA], 2019)

Subsequent citations: (APA, 2019)

Resource Type

Citation Format


In text






Director, B.B. (Director)(Year)Title of film [Film]Studio.

Trevorrow, C. (Director)(2015)Jurassic World [Film]Universal Studios Home Entertainment

(Trevorrow, 2015)

YouTube video (streaming video) with author

Author, A. A. [User name](year, month day)Title of video [Video]Platform. http://xxxxx

Fallon, J. [The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon](2016, June 10)President Obama on Daughters Sasha and Malia’s White House Unbringing [Video]. Youtube.

(Fallon, 2016)

YouTube video (streaming video) without author

User name(year, month day)Title of video [Video file]. Platform. http://xxxx

Alvernia Library(2015, April 13)Evaluating Websites [Video]. Youtube.  

(Alvernia Library, 2015)

Resource Type

Citation Format


In text





General format

Author, A. A. (date)Title of document. Site Name. http://xxxxx Roberts, D. (2016, July 25)Verizon buys Yahoo for $4.8 billion after long sale process. Yahoo. (Roberts, 2016)

Site as author

Site Name. (date). Title of page. http://xxxxx

CBS News. (2016). Jimmy Walker wins PGA Championship.

(CBS News, 2016)

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APA 7th Edition Tutorial

Common APA Errors by Citation Tools

Look for These Common Errors When Using Automatic Citation Generation Tools

  1. Uppercase is used in article titles. Except for the first word, the first word following a colon, and proper nouns, all words in article titles should be lowercase.
  2. The volume number of the journal should also be italicized.
  3. Extraneous information is included (e.g. Cover Story).  Delete this information.
  4. A DOI is not included.  If no DOI is listed, use CrossRef free DOI lookup to see if the article is assigned a DOI. If no DOI is assigned list the publisher url.

When in doubt, check with your course instructors about their preference for listing citations in your references page.