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Women's Suffrage: The Nineteenth Amendment

19th Amendment

 In 1918, the House of Representatives passed the suffrage amendment 257 to 136, but it was defeated in the Senate. In May 1919, the House again passed the measure, this time 304 to 89.  In June the Senate passed it on a 56 to 25 vote.  In 1920, the United States joined New Zealand (1893), Australia (1902), Russia (1917), and Canada, Germany, and England (1919) in granting women the right to vote.  Three-quarters of the states had voted to ratify the Nineteenth Amendment by August 18, 1920. Immediately, 26 million women were finally given a say in the government of their country. The ratification of this amendment fulfilled nearly a century and a half of struggle to achieve full political rights for women. 

 

 

Retrieved from: "Nineteenth Amendment." American Decades Primary Sources, edited by Cynthia Rose, vol. 3: 1920-1929, Gale, 2004, pp. 262-264. Gale eBooks, https://0-link.gale.com.alvin.iii.com/apps/doc/CX3490200499/GVRL?u=pl1855&sid=GVRL&xid=06b659ea. Accessed 13 Sept. 2020.

19th Amendment

19th Amendment

Ratification of the 19th Amendment

The United States Congress proposed the Nineteenth Amendment on June 4, 1919.  Below are the stats that have ratified that amendment and the dates on which it was ratified in each:

Wisconsin June 10, 1919
Illinois June 10, 1919 (reaffirmed June 17, 1919)
Michigan June 10, 1919
Kansas June 16, 1919
New York June 16, 1919
Ohio June 16, 1919
Pennsylvania June 24, 1919
Massachusetts June 25, 1919
Texas June 28, 1919
Iowa July 2, 1919
Missouri July 3, 1919
Arkansas July 28, 1919
Montana August 2, 1919
Nebraska August 2, 1919
Minnesota September 8, 1919
New Hampshire September 10, 1919
Utah October 2, 1919
California November 1, 1919
Maine November 5, 1919
North Dakota December 1, 1919
South Dakota December 5, 1919
Colorado December 15, 1919
Kentucky January 6, 1920
Rhode Island January 6, 1920
Oregon January 13, 1920
Indiana January 16, 1920
Wyoming January 27, 1920
Nevada February 7, 1920
New Jersey February 9, 1920
Idaho February 11, 1920
Arizona February 12, 1920
New Mexico February 21, 1920
Oklahoma February 28, 1920
West Virginia March 10, 1920; confirmed September 21, 1920
Washington March 22, 1920
Tennessee August 18, 1920

 

Ratification was completed on August 18, 1920, and the following states subsequently ratified the amendment:

Connecticut September 14, 1920; reaffirmed September 21, 1920
Vermont February 8, 1921
Delaware March 6, 1923; after being rejected June 2, 1920
Maryland March 29, 1941; after being rejected February 24, 1920; not certified until February 25, 1958
Virginia February 25, 1952; after being rejected February 12, 1920
Alabama September 8, 1952; after being rejected September 22, 1919
Florida May 13, 1969
South Carolina July 1, 1969; after being rejected January 20, 1920; not certified until August 22, 1973
Georgia February 20, 1970; after being rejected July 24, 1919
Louisiana June 11, 1970; after being rejected July 1, 1920
North Carolina May 6, 1971
Mississippi March 22, 1984; after being rejected march 29, 1920