Skip to main content

Citation Guides: APA

APA Citation Guides

APA Style Twitter

Formatting Your APA Paper

Common APA Errors by Citation Tools

Look for These Common Errors

  1. Uppercase is used in article titles. Except for the first word, the first word following a colon, and proper nouns, all words in article titles should be lowercase.
  2. The volume number of the journal should also be italicized.
  3. Extraneous information is included (e.g. Cover Story).  Delete this information.
  4. A DOI is not included.  If no DOI is listed, use CrossRef free DOI lookup to see if the article is assigned a DOI. If no DOI is assigned list the publisher url.

When in doubt, check with your course instructors about their preference for listing citations in your references page. 

Examples

Resource Type

Citation Format

Example

In text

Journal Articles

 

 

 

Single author

Author, A. A. (year)Title of articleTitle of Periodicalvol(issue), pp-pp.  http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx.xx

Godfrey, D. G. (2005)Adapting historical citations to APA styleJournal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media49(4), 544-547http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15506878jobem4904_15

(Godfrey, 2005)

Multiple authors

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year)Title of articleTitle of Periodicalvol(issue), pp-pp.  http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx.xx

Kiselica, A. M., & Ruscio, J. (2014). Scientific communication in clinical psychology: Examining patterns of citations and referencesClinical Psychology & Psychotherapy21(1), 13-20http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1815

(Kiselica & Ruscio, 2014)

More than seven authors

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., . . . Author, G. G.  (year)Title of articleTitle of Periodicalvol(issue), pp-pp.  http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxx.xx

Frosch, D. L., Saxbe, D., Tomiyama, A. J., Glenn, B. A., Low, C. A., Hanoch, Y., . . . Meeker, D. (2010). Assessing the scholarly impact of health psychology: A citation analysis of articles published from 1993 to 2003Health Psychology29(5), 555-562http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0020750

(Frosch et al., 2010)

If no DOI number is available you must use the publisher URL.  Check out our directions for citing with the publisher URL here.

Resource Type

Citation Format

Example

In text

Books

 

 

 

Single author

Author, A. A. (year). Title of book. Location: Publisher

Orwell, G. (1946). Animal Farm. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Company

(Orwell, 1946)

Chapter in a book

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book. (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher

Dalrymple, P.W. & Smith, L.C. (2011). Organization of information and search strategies. In R.E. Bopp & L.C. Smith (Eds.), Reference and information services:  An introduction (pp. 95-120). Santa Barbara, CA:  Libraries Unlimited.

(Dalrymple & Smith, 2011)
            No author Name of organization. (year). Title of book. Location: Publisher American Psychological Association. (2008). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Washington D.C.: American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2008)

Resource Type

Citation Format

Example

In text

Audiovisual

 

 

 

Motion picture

Name of Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Name of Director, B.B. (Director). (Year). Title of motion picture [Motion picture]. Country of Origin: Studio.

Crowley, P. (Producer), Marshall, F. (Producer), & Trevorrow, C. (Director). (2015). Jurassic World [Motion Picture]. United States: Universal Studios Home Entertainment

(Crowley et al., 2015)

YouTube video (streaming video) with author

Author, A. A. [User name]. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Fallon, J. [The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon]. (2016, June 10). President Obama on Daughters Sasha and Malia’s White House Unbringing [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/yaiPYu6Eduw

(Fallon, 2016)

YouTube video (streaming video) without author

User name. (year, month day). Title of video [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxx

Alvernia Library. (2015, April 13). Evaluating Websites [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/QLJQmCcmXrU  

(Alvernia Library, 2015)

Resource Type

Citation Format

Example

In text

Websites

 

 

 

General format

Author, A. A. (date). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx Roberts, D. (July 25, 2016). Verizon buys Yahoo for $4.8 billion after long sale process. [Website].  Retrieved from http://finance.yahoo.com/news/verizon-buys-yahoo-5-billion-000000239.html (Roberts, 2016)

Author missing - substitute title for author

Title of document [Format]. (date). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Jimmy Walker wins PGA Championship [Website]. (2016).  Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/news/jimmy-walker-wins-pga-championship/

("Jimmy Walker wins PGA," 2016)
Loading